خانه / انواع بيماريهاي قلبي / افزايش فشارخون ريوي (PAH) / تشخیص و درمان افزایش فشار خون ریوی

تشخیص و درمان افزایش فشار خون ریوی

فشار خون بالای ریوی هنگامی رخ می‌دهد که شریان‌های ریه تنگ می‌شوند و جریان خون از قلب به ریه با مانع روبرو می‌شود. فشار خون در این شریان‌ها افزایش می‌یابد و نهایتا باعث می‌شود بطن راست قلب ضعیف و ضعیف‌تر و نهایتا دچار نارسایی شود.

هنگامی که علائم فشار خون بالای ریوی ظاهر شده باشد، احتمالا این عارضه پیشرفت زیادی کرده است.

تشخیص و درمان فشار خون بالای ریوی

علایم فشار خون ریوی شبیه علایم دیگر بیماری ها است، در نتیجه تشخیص بیماری مشکل است. برای تشخیص فشار خون ریوی، پزشک متخصص قلب و عروق اکوی قلب انجام می دهد. در این تست، پزشک متخصص قلب وسیله ای را روی قفسه سینه قرار می دهد. این وسیله امواج صوتی تولید می کند. از این امواج برای دیدن قلب و تخمین فشار خون در عروق ریوی استفاده می شود.

اگر علت فشار خون ریوی مشخص شود، درمان می تواند کمک کننده باشد. تنفس با کپسول اکسیژن یکی از درمان ها است.

دارو درمانی فشار خون بالای ریوی

گاهی اوقات، مصرف داروهای بلوک کننده کانال های کلسیم، داروهای رقیق کننده خون و داروهای مدر (دیورتیک) نیز کمک کننده هستند. گشاد کننده های عروق و آنتاگونیست های گیرنده اندوتلین، انواع دیگری از داروها هستند که ممکن است برای درمان فشار خون ریوی استفاده شوند. پزشک متخصص قلب تصمیم میگیرد که کدام نوع دارو را برای شما تجویز نماید.

جهت آشنایی با علایم و علل فشار خون بالای ریوی، اینجا را کلیک کنید.

منبع: پارسینه . همشهری آنلاین

۴۵ دیدگاه

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