کنترل چربی خون برای پیشگیری از بیماری قلبی

هر کدام از ما جهت داشتن سلامتی بیشتر و زندگی طولانی تر توأم با سلامتی می توانیم انتخاب هایی داشته باشیم. یکی از این موارد نگه داشتن چربی خون در سطح طبیعی آن می باشد که با این کار شانس بروز بیماری های مهلکی مثل سکته های قلبی و مغزی، فشار خون و بیماری های عروق محیطی و غیره کاهش می یابد.

کنترل چربی خون

جهت کنترل چربی خون توصیه می شود که در تمام بزرگسالان بالای 20 سال پس از یک ناشتایی 12 ساعته سطح انواع چربی خون شامل کلسترول کل ، تری گلیسرید، LDL و HDL اندازه گیری شود.

اگر میزان چربی خون در اولین اندازه گیری طبیعی باشد آزمایش چربی خون بعدی باید هر 5 سال تکرار شود و چنانچه چربی خون از میزان طبیعی بالاتر باشد باید چربی خون بیمار توسط تغییر در شیوه زندگی و عادات غذایی در وهله اول و در حالات شدیدتر توسط دارو کنترل شود سپس سطح چربی خون هر 6 هفته اندازه گیری شده و با رژیم غذایی و دارو تطبیق داده شود تا زمانی که به حد نرمال برسد و پس از آن چربی خون در فرد هر 6 ماه یک بار باید بررسی گردد.

در کلیه مردان بالای 45 سال و زنان بالای 50 سال در صورتی که 2 مورد از موارد دیابتفشار خون بالامصرف سیگار و سابقه فامیلی بیماری قلبی وجود داشته باشد یا فرد مبتلا به بیماری قلبی باشد، سطح انواع چربی خون آن ها باید در محدوده مطلب حفظ گردد.

یعنی کلسترول کل زیر 200 mg/dl، تری گلیسرید زیر 60 mg/dl و LDL  زیر 100 mg/dl و HDL بالای 60 mg/dl

 منبع: سلامت

۳۶ دیدگاه

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