خانه / انواع بيماريهاي قلبي / علت آنژین صدری

علت آنژین صدری

عضله یا ماهیچه قلب، خودش به دریافت خون و اکسیژن و مواد مقوی غذائی نیازمند است تا بتواند خون را پمپاژ کند و آنرا به تمام نقاط بدن شما برساند. رگهای کورونر قلب یا عروق، یا شریانها، خون غنی شده با اکسیژن را به ماهیچه قلب می رسانند. دو سرخرگ عمده قلب (چپ و راست) بسیاری از اوقات تقسیم می شوند تا خون، به تمام دیواره های عضلانی قلب برسد.
این عروق کورونر که وظیفه غذا رساندن به قلب را دارند ممکن است در اثر جمع شدن مواد چرب طی سالیان دراز در دیواره ی داخلی آنها باریک شوند. به این حالت در زبان پزشکی اتروسکلروزیز گویند، و به آن مواد چرب که در جدار سرخرگ جمع شده اند ((اتروما)) می گویند.در طی زمان این سرخرگ ممکن است باریک و باریک تر شود. به قسمی که دیگر نتواند به اندازه خوراک قلب خون اکسیژن دار به ماهیچه قلب هنگامی که تقاضای آن خون را دارد، تحویل دهد مثلاً در آن زمانی که شما مشغول تمرین ورزشی هستید. به همین حالت آنژین صدری گویند. همین موقع است که قلب تشنه اکسیژن است و چون به آن نمیرسد آن سفتی و سنگینی را شما در سینه خود احساس می کند.
اگر انجام کارهای زیر جزو عادات و خصائل شما شده است احتمالاً در انتظار ((اتروما)) نیز باشید:
-اگر جزو دسته سیگاری ها هستید.
-اگر فشار خونتان بالا ست.
-اگر سطح کلسترول خونتان بالاست.
-اگر به اندازه کافی ورزش نمی کنید.
-اگر دیابت دارید.
فاکتورهای دیگری که در این دخالت دارند زیاده از حد تنومندی، چاقی، نوشیدن زیادتر از حد معمول الکل و سابقه تاریخی خانوادگی برای سکته قلبی و آنژین صدری داشتن است.

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